According to the wikipedia article Edward Misselden, he was born in 1608 and in 1623 became a deputy-governor of the Merchant Adventurers' Company at Delft. This means he got the job at the age of 15. Is it true? How did it happen? Was it normal at the time?

  • Please accept more answers to your questions, if possible.
    – o0'.
    Feb 22, 2012 at 11:53

2 Answers 2


According to the Wikisource document that article is based on, Wikipedia accidentally left out an "fl." in the age span (i.e. it ought to be "MISSELDEN, EDWARD (fl. 1608-1654)"). "fl." (Latin Floruit) means "flourished", i.e. we know that Misselden was active in the period 1608 to 1654, but we don't know when he was born or died.

If that's true, then he probably wasn't born in 1608, and wouldn't have become a deputy governor in his teens (which, as you say, sounds pretty odd).

  • 3
    +1 Good research! The abbreviation "fl." is used in many languages, including English (so says the OED) for Latin floruit, which means "flourished" (it is a perfect form). This marks the period during which a certain person or organization did its deeds worth noting, like the good paintings of a painter. It does not mark the period of his life. It is often the most relevant period historically if you want to compare dates to see whether a certain person could have been involved in a certain event or influenced some other person.
    – Cerberus
    Oct 26, 2011 at 2:13
  • 1
    P.S. This isn't really relevant, but I find that FAQ a little bit misleading, in that a person's floruit is rarely marked as a single year, but always as a period as comprehensive as possible. If one knows only that author Fiddlebum published a work in the year 174, one should not say Fuddlebum (fl. 174), but rather Fiddlebum (late 2nd century) and mention the work separately, or perhaps Fiddlebum (published De Navi in 174).
    – Cerberus
    Oct 26, 2011 at 2:17
  • @Cerberus Thanks for the validation and the full form of "fl"! I've updated my answer and replaced the FAQ reference to point to the Wikipedia page for 'floruit'.
    – Gaurav
    Oct 26, 2011 at 2:53

Edward Misselden was an economic philosopher. In 1622, he published this missive on free trade, which probably helped him get the deputy governor job.


Most other sources cite his lifespan as 1608-1654. That would make him 14 when he published the missive, and 15 when he became deputy governor. That would make him a child prodigy, an unlikely, but by no means impossible achievement.

In those days, few people of ANY age could read or write. Those that were wealthy enough to learn, and had enough talent to produce pieces like those above, were promoted to positions of authority as soon as their ability became obvious, because they basically had a monopoly of "brains" (intelligence plus education).

In a somewhat later (but similar) time, the Marquis de Lafayette of France was made a general (albeit in the AMERICAN army), while still a teenager. In those days, birth (and the resulting education) counted for more than age or "development."

  • 2
    What about Gaurav's observation about "fl"?
    – Vanessa
    Oct 15, 2011 at 15:32

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