Wikipedia tells us, that:

Following the unconditional surrender of the Wehrmacht, which went into effect on 8 May 1945, some Wehrmacht units remained active, either independently (e.g. in Norway), or under Allied command as police forces.[59]

So between May 1945 and September 1946 the Wehrmacht still existed. As far as I know, some units served directly under allied command e.g. as police units (and some continued to due so even after the official dissolution of the Wehrmacht as newly formed organizations).

However, while there still was a Wehrmacht, what did the units do all day long? How were they fed? Paid? When they disarmed themselves, how did they acquire the necessary supplies (e.g. fuel)? How was discipline and authority maintained? Were Wehrmacht units allowed to defend themselves? How did the command structure between the allies and the remainders of the Wehrmacht work? What did a typical, say division commander, due to fulfill his orders (and how did these orders reach him in the first place?).

I assume that there is a whole lot of source material here (starting with written orders, files, letters etc.), but I cannot find anything.

  • I remember having seen an armed wehrmacht soldier on a motor- cycle and two others on a vw-kuebelwagen in a picture of August 1945 taken by a Norwegian friend in Notodden, east of Oslo and in the photo was date and place clearly written by him self. – user12295 May 7 '15 at 16:39

There was no "Wehrmacht" after the war ended. There were soldiers who used to be in the Wehrmacht still alive, but that does not mean that the Wehrmacht as an organization still existed. None of these survivors "remained active" in any military sense of the word.

As far as Norway is concerned, the Norwegians rapidly arrested and imprisoned all the foreign soldiers on their territory. I doubt there more than dozen still on the loose by the end of June. A handful of German ex-soldiers hiding deep in the forests of Norway is not "independently active". As far as "units" being used as "police", virtually all surrendered soldiers were immediately disarmed and imprisoned in POW camps.

To address the "sources" from the Wikipedia article on the Wehrmacht. What these are based on are gross exaggerations from two basic facts:

(1) The last German unit to surrender was a small group of 4 or 5 men living off of seals in the arctic circle where they had been sent to make a weather station (which they failed to do). They were found and arrested by the Norwegians in September 1945. Calling this an "energetic" unit of the Wehrmacht, as one book did, is a joke.

(2) One commando of the Wehrmacht's military police, Feldjagerkommando III, was allowed to remain armed to keep order during the surrender of the largest intact army groups in Bavaria. This condition was only permitted to exist for several weeks in May during the height of the surrender. It is true that TINY remnants of this unit remained armed until June of 1946, when it was fully disbanded, but these were a mere handful of men. The vast majority of this unit was disbanded by June 1945.

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    Seeing as the wikipedia entry is sourced, shouldn't your claim that the source is untrue possibly be sourced itself? After all, it seems you are claiming the source is untrue and we should believe what you say ... just because? – CGCampbell Mar 25 '15 at 13:29
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    Sorry, but according to all sources I can find that is definitely wrong: First and foremost, the Wehrmacht was not officially dissolved until 1946. So at least legally it continued to exist. Second, the german wikipedia lists a lot of activity still going on after the surrender (general staff training in oslo, even fighting against criminal groups). – choeger Mar 25 '15 at 13:41
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    @CGCampbell I have elaborated my answer to discuss the basis for the sources in question. – Tyler Durden Mar 25 '15 at 14:49
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    You should read the german wikipedia, for more details about norway: – choeger Mar 26 '15 at 7:46
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    German wikipedia mentions that the staff officer course in Oslo was continued and some units continued sharp artillery training (which implies a high level of remaining organisation and supplies). However it seems also unlikely that all units stationed in Norway could be imprisoned by some norwegian forces immediately. What forces should that be? Also note that the labor service, mine patrol and SEP in Rimini where lead by german staffs. Also consider the Filbinger case. AFAIK there is no doubt about active units in later 1945, but how did they live? – choeger Mar 26 '15 at 7:54

Some units of the former Wehrmacht remained active, other units were newly formed for tasks such as mine-clearing and to assist the Western powers. There is an article in the German Wikipedia about those entities. But the Wehrmacht itself ceased to exist with the German surrender to the Allies. And then there's always people who keep on going locally, but that doesn't mean that the army above them is still in existence.

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