I've seen Native Americans as great warriors who charged armies and raided settlements but I haven't heard much about their defensive capabilities. When they were attacked, did they have set up any stationary defenses (i.e. palisades)? Did they make use of any other inherent advantage of defense?

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    Were the "Native Americans" really a homogeneous group that can be considered as a single entity with regard to this question? If not, which of the various "Native Americans" groups were you referring to? – Steve Bird May 30 '15 at 20:16
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    Concur with Steve Bird; Native Americans inhabited a continent larger than Europe and included may diverse nations, economies, strategies, etc. If I asked how Europeans defended, would the answer be the same for Lapplanders as for Turks? Swiss? British? French? Question is too broad. – Mark C. Wallace May 31 '15 at 1:16
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    @JPtheK9: For defenses, see any of the cliff dwellers (Mesa Verde, Canyon de Chelly, etc) or pueblos like Acoma, Zuni, &c. – jamesqf May 31 '15 at 5:07
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    The problem I see people having with the question could be easily fixed simply by picking a tribe, or even a cultural group of tribes. You probably have an image in your head; simply tell us what it is. For example, the "civilized tribes" of the Southeast were settled farmers, and thus an assailant knew where to find them at all times. The Commanche were a nomadic nation like the Mongols, and thus didn't have much of anything for an enemy to attack outside of their buffalo. The Siouxan peoples were sort of a mix of the two. – T.E.D. Jun 1 '15 at 0:02
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    The group I have in mind most is the one that lived in Machu Picchu, the Inca empire. Machu Picchu seems like a place that could be defended extremely well so did they make any efforts to do so? If not, what about the Pueblo? – JPtheK9 Jun 1 '15 at 1:15

I assume you are talking about the 1720 to 1765 time period. If attacked by a superior force, the typical response would be to flee. The Indians did not use fortifications to any extent. They would hide their villages in inaccessible areas with approaches that were easily watched.

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