I have no practical or academic experience with archaeology.
Some well-known archaeological sites have colloquial names. For example Newgrange or its Kerbstone 52. They can be unambiguously referred to as such.
However suppose I am, for example, writing an academic paper about Neolithic Ireland and want to refer to a specific (for argument's sake let's say it's a lunula) which has no colloquial name. I want to refer to it's design in support of my argument, and ideally include pictures in the paper, and a reference to the object itself in the bibliography. Are archaeological artifacts assigned unambiguous serial numbers to allow this?
What would the form of such a serial number be? If there are more than one popular systems, which is most likely to be used in reference to Neolithic Ireland.
It would be very helpful if someone could say, for example, what Kerbstone 52 is called in the literature.
Thanks in advance.