In any nation that has cars, there are well-understood rules about how to operate them. If a road is shared by traffic going both ways, everyone will, by law and convention, stick to either the right or the left side of the road from their perspective, to facilitate safe movement of traffic.

How old is this idea of traffic staying to the "right" (i.e. designated) side of the street? Does it predate the automobile? Certainly it would be a useful convention for horse-drawn carriages for the same reasons it is for cars.

  • I would hazard to say since Ugh met Moog on the road and both died of starvation when neither gave way.... (i.e. for those anti-snarkish among us: as of when the first transportation beyond two legs was invented)
    – CGCampbell
    Jul 14, 2015 at 18:04

1 Answer 1


Conventions for driving on one side of the road go back to at least the Roman Empire:

In late 1998, the remains of a Roman quarry was discovered at Blunsdon Ridge, near Swindon, England. It is one of the largest and best-preserved Roman quarries known. Ruts in the road leading to this quarry are much deeper on one side of the road than on the other. If it can be assumed that the side of the road with deeper ruts was the side used by loaded carts leaving the quarry, while the side with shallow ruts indicates empty carts arriving, then we can conclude that at this particular location, at least, the Romans drove on the left. (source)

There are various theories about why one side of the road was preferred to the other, often based on the handedness of riders or the side of the body on which travelers wore swords:

In the Middle Ages you kept to the left for the simple reason that you never knew who you'd meet on the road in those days. You wanted to make sure that a stranger passed on the right so you could go for your sword in case he proved unfriendly.

This custom was given official sanction in 1300 AD, when Pope Boniface VIII invented the modern science of traffic control by declaring that pilgrims headed to Rome should keep left. (source)

More here.

  • 4
    So the English have been driving on the left since the days of the Roman Empire? :P Jul 14, 2015 at 14:33

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