An interesting conversation has come up on the Science Fiction and Fantasy SE site. I will try to summarize it as briefly as possible.
Someone asked a question about the second Star Wars prequel. For those who aren't familiar with the movies, the gist is as follows: A group of separatists try to secede from the Galactic Republic, and the Jedi try to stop them. The Jedi are few in number, but they have an army of clones to fight for them. When the first battle takes place, the Jedi master Yoda says something like "Begun, the Clone War has".
The ensuing conversation was rather interesting. Someone suggested that no one ever names a war after their own country, faction, alliance, or side. I'm not arguing that it is common for a country to name a war after themselves, but I suspect that it has happened from time to time.
Obviously, the more common approach has been to name wars in one of four ways:
Name it after your opponent(s). The 'Them' War. This is especially attractive because we like to blame everyone else for our problems, and most people don't want to create the impression that they accept responsibility for starting a war. By naming the war after the other guy, you implicitly shift the responsibility onto the shoulders of your enemy.
- Examples of this include: The French and Indian War, the Iraq War, Queen Anne's War, the Black and Tan War (aka The War of Irish Independence), etc.
Name it after both sides. The 'Us and Them' War. I think this is more common in hindsight than at the time of the actual conflict, but it happens one way or another.
Examples of this include: The Spanish-American War, the Franco-Prussian War, the Russo-Japanese War, the Mexican-American War, etc.
- In many cases, the war is referred to in one way by each side while it is still being fought, but afterwards, the victors get to determine the official title. For example, during the Mexican-American War, the Mexicans referred to it as the American Invasion, and Americans referred to it as the Mexican War. After America won, we decided to call it the Mexican-American War. By the same token, the Southern states referred to the American Civil War as "The War of Northern Aggression", and the Union referred to it as "The War Between the States", "The War to Preserve the Union", "The War of Southern Secession", or "The War of Rebellion". At the time, Northerners didn't like the idea of calling it a Civil War, but later on, tempers cooled and we decided to call it "The American Civil War", despite the desire of some southerners to keep calling it the War of Northern Aggression.
Name it after the place where it happens, or the cause of the conflict. The 'There' War; The 'That Thing That Happened' War. This is less common in recent history, but was fairly common in the past.
- Examples of this include: The Crimean War, The American Revolutionary War [This comes very close to naming a war after yourself, but I'm not sure if it is exactly the same], the War of the Polish Succession, The War of the Spanish Succession, The French Revolution, etc.
Name it after how long it lasts. The "This Long" War. This very rarely happens now, but people used to love it for some reason.1
- Examples of this include: The Seven Years War, The Hundred Years War, The Thirty Years War, The Seven Day War, etc.
There may be a few cases in which one side in a conflict has named the conflict after themselves (either their country, their cause, or their faction or alliance), but I am having trouble trying to think of such a case.
The former Soviet Union refers to World War II as "The Great Patriotic War", and it goes without saying that the "great patriots" are supposed to be the Soviets themselves. This is close to what I'm talking about, but it isn't quite the same thing as naming a war after yourself - it is simply choosing a name that makes your side look good.
And so we come to the point. My question is this:
Has anyone ever named a war after their own country, faction, alliance, or side?
Note: Because the victor always gets to write the history books, and this frequently includes renaming the war, the best way to answer the question is probably to refer to what people called the conflict while it was still in progress.
1 Thanks to Francis Davey for reminding me of this one.