7

From what I understand, the Odrysian kingdom became a client state of Rome after the Third Macedonian War (171–168 BC).

Did the Thracians (Odrysian or otherwise) ever clash with the Romans in a pitched battle? And if so, did the Thracians use the Rhomphaia weapon against them? Or did they make use of phalanx unit formations?

6

Plutarch in "Aemilius Paulus" mentions tracians (allied with macedonians) in the Battle of Pydna.

First marched the Thracians, who, he himself tells us, inspired him with most terror; they were of great stature, with bright and glittering shields and black frocks under them, their legs armed with greaves, and they brandished, as they moved, straight and heavily-ironed spears over their right shoulders.

In Russian translation of Plutarch this sentence contains the word "swords" not "spears". And the comments especially insist on rhomphaia being mentioned here.

4

I can't find anything about the Rhomphaia, but the similar Falx was used in battle against the Roman armies during their subjugation of Dacia:

The Falx forced the only documented change in Roman armour brought about by an encounter with a new weapon. After encountering the Falx in Dacia, the Romans added extra reinforcing bars to their helmets to protect against the powerful blows of this weapon. - Wikipedia

  • I saw that passage in wiki and its what prompted me to ask this :) thx for your effort – Notaras Sep 11 '15 at 2:00
  • 1
    Sorry for not really answering your question then, the Rhomphaia is an interesting weapon that doesn't have enough documentation surrounding it to answer your question sufficiently. – FiringSquadWitness Sep 11 '15 at 3:54

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