According to wikipedia there are 4 main Egyptian Creation Myths. These appear to be:

  • Ogdoad creaton myth of Hermopolis

  • Creation myth of Atum from Heliopolis

  • Creation myth of Ptah from Memphis

  • Creation myth of Amun from Thebes

I am planning to answer a question over at the Biblical Hermeneutics Q&A site, and while I have a general overview of these myths I can't seem to find the name of a definitive, Canonical source for these myths. Does such a thing even exist? If not, why? Is this information collected over a number of references and stories or from artwork for example?

In contrast, the Babylonian creation myths sources seem to be very easy to locate and I am wondering why there is a disparity.

  • I'm not sure if your question is on-topic on this site (meta.history.stackexchange.com/q/123/230), but Stack Exchange has a site about mythology that you should take a look at.
    – user230
    Sep 16, 2015 at 4:13
  • Hmm. I don't know either. I'm really just looking to find out if there is a specific source text for each of the 4 above and if not, why. Sep 16, 2015 at 5:38
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    As far as I understand the primary sources for these myths are: The Book of the Dead; the Shabaka stone; the Bremner-Rhind papyrus; and the Coffin Texts. But I can't find a good online source.
    – Matt
    Sep 16, 2015 at 8:59
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    I'm voting to close this question as off-topic because it a request for sources. Sep 16, 2015 at 14:59
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    I am either looking for Canonical sources or an explanation for why they do not exist. Sep 16, 2015 at 16:35

1 Answer 1


This is an incomplete answer so far. Any additions and suggestions are welcome.

  • Heliopolis myth is based upon the excerpt from The Bremner-Rhind Papyrus known as The Book of Knowing of the Creations of Ra. English translation available online.
  • Memphis myth is based upon The Shabaka Stone. English translation available online.
  • Hermopolis myth is compiled from the scattered fragments of The Book of the Dead and The Coffin Texts.
  • Thebes myth is known by some late compilative papyrus of times of the Ptolemaic dynasty which title I was unable to find out.

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