I would like to know whether the Roman senate sent replacements for deceased governors (due to illness, accident, war, ...) immediately after hearing of their death or was content to entrust the province to the senior officers present.
When Crassus died in Syria, Cassius (quaestor) took charge of the province until a new proconsul arrived. But was the new governor sent immediately ?
I have several options in mind :
- The province was left to the senior officer (quaestor or senior legate?) until the following year
- A magistrate in Rome (Praetor/Consul) immediately left office to take control of the province (In this case, were praetors/consuls suffect elected ?)
- A former magistrate was sent to control the province for what was left of the year, being a kind of "proconsul suffect"
- A former magistrate who was supposed to get a province anyway the following year left sooner and thus ruled the province for a longer period of time than scheduled
- A governor of a nearby province could control the "empty" province as well as his own
- Everyone in the province had to make do till a new governor arrived