Recently any conflict I'm reading up on has a record of sexual violence going with it, so I want to know if it's really an inherent aspect of war? Examples of war NOT being accompanied with sexual violence would reveal that sexual violence isn't necessarily part of war in modern history.
Dates under consideration : 1970 to present day.
Limited to wars where there was on-ground presence/movement of troops in civilian areas (and where hostilities weren't scheduled only at designated battlefields, if such a thing ever happened!). Excluding wars where there is no opportunity for sexual violence (e.g. naval or aerial bombardment)
In case anyone wants clarification on "major", how's this: At least 50 victims in total, sexual violence being rape and/or genital mutilation. During hostilities and in first year after end of hostilities if foreign occupation. Victims include prisoners of war, refugees, resident populations where hostilities took place.