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Given that he started with a few hundred Spaniards, a few cannons, and a handful of mounted cavalrymen what additional help did he get from other Indians or Spanish? What role did "Marina" play in this quest?

Did the Mexica religion or Cortes' advantages in terms of technology provide any decisive advantages?

closed as too broad by knut, Mark C. Wallace, Semaphore, Gwen, CGCampbell Sep 21 '15 at 2:21

Please edit the question to limit it to a specific problem with enough detail to identify an adequate answer. Avoid asking multiple distinct questions at once. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • 4
    You've asked four distinct questions, most of which are too broad even singularly, let alone combined. Please review a general reference such as the relevant wikipedia article, and then if you have any question that's unanswered, ask each of them in their own threads. – Semaphore Sep 20 '15 at 20:26
  • I've clarified, and hopefully narrowed the question. – Tom Au Sep 22 '15 at 15:23
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Marina was an interpretor for Cortes. She translated from Nahul to Mayan so that a Spanish priest who had learnt some Mayan could translate to Spanish.

Cortes conquered the Aztec empire because the native peoples in Mexico revolted against the Aztecs. So it was far more than 350 Spanish versus the Aztecs by themselves.

Also, he brought with him European illnesses that the Aztecs had no immunity against. It happened to break in the Aztec capital just as Cortes arrived to attack. This allowed him and his native allies to slaughter the Aztecs while they were week from the disease.

Diseases later wiped out most of the native populations.

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