Both Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels coauthored the Communist Manifesto. However, the philosophies described in the book are commonly referred to as Marxism. Also, Marx is a much more common name found in history textbooks focussed on the communist movement in the 1800s and the formation of the USSR.

For what reason is Marx so much more predominant than Engels in history?

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    ".. . while in his extensive correspondence with German socialists Engels modestly presented his own secondary place in the couple's intellectual relationship. . . " wikipedia on Engels – Mark C. Wallace Oct 11 '15 at 21:11
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    Marx did a lot more things than just the Manifesto. Most famously, The capital and The 18 Brumaire of Napoleon Bonaparte, that insist in the historical materialism POV. Engels did some other works in his own, but none of them became as famous. – SJuan76 Oct 11 '15 at 21:50
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    Because his name is shorter, and has an "X" in it, which is cool. – Tyler Durden Oct 13 '15 at 18:37

The main work which lays the foundation of Marxism is not the Communist Manifesto. It is the many-volume theoretic work which is called Capital (Das Kapital) by Marx alone. The Manifesto is just a short pamphlet, stating the main conclusions. In the Capital Marx, developed an economic theory, from which he concluded the inevitability of the development of the society towards communism.

Many later socialists recognize the analysis given in Capital, though not all subscribe to the statements in the Communist manifesto.

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