I found this book that said they were not the same woman, but the author didn't give any evidence: Squires, S. (Ed.). (1990). Asconius Commentaries on Five Speeches of Cicero. Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers. Page 148.

  • Fulvia Bambula must be about 15 years old at the time of Catiline's riot. Seems to be unlikely that she was that same "Fulvia" mentioned by Sallust. – Matt Oct 29 '15 at 18:15
  • @user4419802 Do you have a source for this information, since the view about Fulvia-Mark-Antony's-wife I've been seeing is that her birthdate is unknown? – Emily Shier Oct 29 '15 at 18:18
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    Catiline's riot occurs in 69 BC; 25 years before Marc Antony weds Fulvia in 44 BC and begets her with two sons. If Fulvia was an aristocratic mistress of one of Catiline's supporters in 69 BC it is unlikely she was still fertile 25-30 years later, given the low general fertility of Late Republican Roman patrician women. – Pieter Geerkens Oct 29 '15 at 22:01

First of all, at the time Sallust had written his book, Fulvia Bambula was a quite famous person. I believe, it would be strange if he would have said "Fulvia" yet had omitted "Bambula".

Moreover, his words give the impression that she had no personal political value (cf. his passage about Sempronia Tuditania), and yet had much financial difficulties:

He had long had a criminal intercourse with Fulvia, a woman of high birth, but growing less acceptable to her, because in his reduced circumstances he had less means of being liberal

But Fulvia Bambula was both young, ambitious, and one of the richest women in Rome (after inheriting her mother's property). That makes hard to believe she looked for a rich yet boring lover.

After all, the name "Fulvia" was not so uncommon. Sallust mentioned two persons named Fulvius who supported Catiline, so that woman could be the relative of one of them.

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    All the women from the Fulvius family were named Fulvia. Naming confusion of everyone in Rome is endemic, but for women it is especially bad. – Oldcat Oct 30 '15 at 18:15
  • @Oldcat Yes, because women only used their gens name, plus the genitive of their father's /husband's cognomen. So if a man of the Valerius gets had 6 daughters, they would all be Valeria - minor, maior, tertia, etc. – TheHonRose Oct 31 '15 at 4:51

The two identities are listed separately in biographical encyclopedias of Rome because there is no concrete statement by ancient authorities one way or the other that Sallust's Fulvia is the same as that who came later.

Nevertheless, it is highly likely that they were the same person because the later Fulvia was a highly active political meddler and notorious tramp, so it would have been entirely consistent with her later behavior for her to have been the young mistress of Quintus Curius, especially if we consider that this association would have consistent with the political factions involved. At the time of the Catiline conspiracy she would have been about 20 years old. She married Clodius the next year, at the age of 21.

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