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Being European, I know history of World War II from Europe's perspective (and mainly with focus on Czechoslovakia).

So:

Was a land belonging to Australia ever attacked during WW2?

For scope of question, it does not to be mainland, but if there are islands belonging to Australia, that applies to (Pearl Harbour and USA example).

And if yes, what was the most important battle?

closed as off-topic by Semaphore, Tyler Durden, Tom Au, knut, Mark C. Wallace Dec 27 '15 at 18:53

This question appears to be off-topic. The users who voted to close gave this specific reason:

  • "Requests for trivia or basic historical facts are off-topic if they can be easily answered by looking up the relevant topic on Wikipedia. We're trying to complement common historical references, not duplicate them." – Semaphore, Tyler Durden, Tom Au, knut, Mark C. Wallace
If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

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    You need to watch the movie Australia! (It has the Japanese attack on Darwin in it) – Andrew Grimm Dec 27 '15 at 12:37
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    There's actually a wikipedia article on this: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attacks_on_Australia_during_World_War_II – Semaphore Dec 27 '15 at 13:04
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    Welcome to the site; I regret that your first question was closed, but How to Ask establishes the community standard that we close any question that can be answered by wikipedia; I think your question was on the edge - the first two links weren't obvious topics to search, but the third link was. If those wikipedia pages don't answer your underlying question, please ask another, and please feel free to answer other questions. – Mark C. Wallace Dec 27 '15 at 18:56
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    Quite apart from the attacks on Darwin, the Japanese invaded Papua New Guinea, an area administered by Australia. They also occupied the western part of the same island, then part of the Netherlands East Indies. A long campaign was fought from late 1942 to evict the Japanese from the territory. see en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Guinea_campaign – WS2 Dec 27 '15 at 19:37