Curious to know if there is a specific reason they fire it at 1pm. Noon would make more sense to me!
2How is this not a trivial question?– CGCampbellDec 31, 2015 at 23:45
13If it was fired at Noon they would have to change the name to Noon Gun ;)– DavidPostillJan 1, 2016 at 12:29
2Citadel Hill in Halifax (Nova Scotia) has a Noon Gun.– Peter CordesJan 1, 2016 at 13:59
Edinburgh Castle's tourist attraction, the One O'Clock Gun, originated as an audible version of the Nelson Monument time ball. The Nelson time ball has dropped at 1:00 pm ever since it was installed in 1853. Accordingly, the One O'Clock Gun also fired at 1:00 pm. Anything else would have been potentially confusing.
Time balls were important for maritime towns as a means for ships to set their clocks to the correct time. This was important for maritime navigational purposes.
In England, time balls typically dropped at 1:00pm. This seems to have begun with Greenwich, which dropped its time ball at 1:00pm from 1833 on, because its astronomers would've been busy with observations at noon.
One o'clock was chosen as the perfect moment, in order to give the astronomer time to finish his noon observations before the ball was dropped.
- Dibdin, Tim. Time out guide: Edinburgh, Glasgow, Lothian and Fife. Penguin, 2000
It would have made sense for all the port cities to pick the same time for updating clocks, so as to prevent confusion.
19"Astronomers were busy at noon". Great answer.– AlexJan 1, 2016 at 5:37
Deleted a very interesting (but OT) discussion about the creation of standard time. That might be good fodder for a question, if asked properly.– T.E.D. ♦Jan 5, 2016 at 17:39
5@T.E.D. Perhaps such discussions could be moved into a chat room instead, so passerbys could still read it if they feel so inclined.– Semaphore ♦Jan 5, 2016 at 17:56
1Excellent answer, could not for the life of me figure out why it was at 1pm rather than noon, clears it up nicely! Jan 7, 2016 at 12:52