As we know that the Romans already had some forces for keeping their cities secured and safe: The Vigiles who were what we now may call police and firefighters together!
And as I failed to find some more information about it: I wonder how this was solved and organized later in the modern times. I'm looking for information on pre-colonial firefighting in Tunisia, Morocco and Algeria.
To focus on one vocational field: Who where the firefighters in Muslim countries and how were they organized, and what were their duties? And how modern were they especially as influences from modern Europe may come into account.
If a focus on location is needed then I would say northern Africa/Maghreb states, would be my focus (I'm aware that even those could be divided into independent countries/states and those who were ruled by Ottomans)!
spoiler I used the politics tag as I wasn't sure if it would be helpful to create an administration tag or something more relevant!