It seems to me that many Russian nationalists and neo-paganists currently believe that swastika was a Solar symbol or a symbol of fortune in ancient Slavic folklore.

There are multiple paintings by nationalist painters and other art that features swastika. Examples of articles which claim that swastika was an ancient Slavic symbol:

On the other hand the advocates of these theories explain the fact that swastika is not widely represented in museums of ancient Slavic culture by the claim that it is due to a conspiracy by the Bolshevicks/Jews/ZOG to hide items with swastika from the people.

So what is the reality. Was swastika ever a Slavic symbol before WWII?

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    The title mentions the Indo-Europeans, but the body doesn't. Maybe you want to change the title? – apoorv020 Aug 5 '12 at 7:56
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    Another title nit: Slavs are Indo-European. – T.E.D. Aug 6 '12 at 14:39
  • this World Service programme may help bbc.co.uk/programmes/p02dcqf2 – Tea Drinker Dec 29 '14 at 12:43
  • Please avoid of repeating what you have found on Wikipedia or low-quakity "pagans" sites. – user8917 Jan 5 '15 at 15:27
  • It is supposed to be a symbol...of what? Sorry, if there are any links in English, they're not avaiable for me. – Probably Jun 2 '16 at 20:03

The swastika symbol was used by many cultures in the history and around the world and not only among Indo-Europeans.

For example swastika is used in Far East (China, Korea) as well as the Wyandots (Wendats or Hurons) in North-America. You can find this symbol in ancient Greek potteries as well as decoration in Christian churches too…

This was often viewed as a solar symbol but also, associated with a rhombus. The swastika as male symbol and the rhombus as female symbol.

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    Even in India, the earliest usage has been found in the Indus Valley Civilization --which was quite different from the later Indo European culture. – Apoorv Aug 5 '12 at 15:55
  • Yes , you're right! – climenole Aug 5 '12 at 18:31
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    This does not answer my question. – Anixx Aug 5 '12 at 23:42
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    @Anixx The symbol was used by many cultures all over the globe before WWII. Are you asking if it was specifically part of Indo-European culture? Given that it was used sometimes merely as decoration, does it matter if it was actually part of their culture? – Django Reinhardt Dec 3 '12 at 0:12
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    It's weird when the question has more sources than the answer :-/ – Django Reinhardt Dec 3 '12 at 0:13

I'm not sure the confusion here as the symbol is well attested in ancient Europe. The earliest finds of the symbol come from Eastern Europe.

The earliest known swastika comes from a figurine carved from mammoth dated to around 10-12,000 years old. It comes from Mezine in Ukraine. The word swastika is from sanskrit, from India, but the symbol itself is first seen in Eastern Europe.

A swastika was found on pottery from Riben, Bulgaria dating 7000 years ago, this is around when the Indus Valley civilisation began. The mammoth bone swastika mentioned above was already 5-7,000 years old at this point.

Obviously too, this was several thousand years before Indo-Europeans (IE) moved into Europe. I'm unsure of the relationship between the IE and the earlier people of Eastern Europe but the IE certainly use the swastika later themselves in much of their art. It's a common motif in Greek, Etruscan (non-IE) and Roman art. The Celts used it, the Germans used it, it's still a popular symbol in the Baltic states and is used in IE and non-IE states alike.

It's use in Europe dropped off after Christianity became widespread. It saw renewed interest in the late 19th century with the rise of interest in archaeology and the distant past. This culminated in a burst of popularity of the symbol where it appeared on everything from bottle openers to sports teams. This popularity was stopped short once it became associated in the press with the nazis during the 1930s, who had adopted the symbol themselves for its links to Germanic paganism - though they adopted it via the Thule Society who funded the nazis early on.

Here's something for a bit more information and an interpretation of how the swastika came into being:



To elaborate a bit on climenole's answer I'll add a bit of math behind the swastika symbol.

Swastika in both clockwise and counterclockwise direction has been, and still is used in many cultures. In some areas of modern India it remains to this day as one of the symbols used to decorate the bride during wedding. The logic behind that symbol is actually straightforward: swastika is rotationally symmetric but not mirror symmetric. It kind of rolls in one direction, if you take the legs as directions, but not the other direction.

Consider, for example, a square. You can rotate it as well, but there is nothing to indicate a preferred direction of rotation. Mathematicians would say that a square has symmetry group $D_8$, which includes both 90-degree rotations, as well as mirror symmetry, which postulates that it's impossible to make any convention for the preferred rotation direction. Swastika, on the other hand, has symmetry group $Z_4$, which allows to establish a convention for the preferred direction (such as "where the legs point to", for example)

Since ancient times peoples half the World apart have noticed this asymmetrically symmetric feature of 3- and 4-leg swastikas and used those symbols to indicate unidirectional movements, such as "going only forward, never backward". Therefore the symbol could appear quite independently in various cultures.

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    Sorry, this does not answer the question about specific people I am asking about. – Anixx Dec 29 '14 at 12:02
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    "one of the symbols used to decorate the bride during wedding". Not really. But it is auspicious and is used on pots ("ghat") and on doorways as well, also on most religious decorations. – Rajib Jan 5 '15 at 16:09

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