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Is there a name for the style of the 'superhero' Russian statues? I can only find one example which is a statue of Yuri Gagarin But I have seen similar statues in documentaries and movies.

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There was no special name for hero statues style, at least in the Soviet Union. "Socialist realism", according to Soviet official definition, was not a particular style but a general method (as they called it, but a more adequate translation would be "philosophy") in art. It applied to all art, not specially to hero statues. Here are some of the most famous examples:

There is a lot of similarity with Nazi art as seen here, for example.

This style outlived Soviet Union by the way

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    That really has nothing to do with National Socialist art, besides anti-degeneracy. Socialist Realism was supposed to be mundane and National Socialist art was supposed to be idealized. The Motherland Calls is totally opposite National Socialist art and the Fatherland. As far as I can tell you're just making stuff up randomly based on vague similarity. I mean, the works progress administration used Fascist symbology extensively but does that mean public infrastructure is fascist?
    – D J Sims
    Apr 1, 2016 at 7:35
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    And on my opinion there is a lot of similarity. Guess whose art is this: usmbooks.com/images/HausDEKunstCat/1942/GKA42-4.jpg
    – Alex
    Apr 1, 2016 at 13:20
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I believe you are talking about Socialist realism or possibly Brutalism(to be fair, Brutalism was made in the UK, but it was still popular in the USSR).

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    It would be useful if you could add some details / explanations to your answer. Nov 3, 2021 at 4:04
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    Brutalism is more of an architectural style, and less of fine art.
    – Greg
    Nov 3, 2021 at 18:19

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