I know that racial segregation was gone by the end of 1968, and that New Zealand allowed Women to vote in 1893, from which most of the world followed. But, the thought of a world where everyone, regardless of religion, race, gender, ethnicity, sexuality, should be treated equally is a relatively new idea.

When did we start aspiring to achieve something like the modern notion of equality?

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    Have "we" reached that point yet? Look at the bathroom debate in the US, homophobia in Russia, etc. – o.m. May 17 '16 at 5:14
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    There is no evidence that there was ever a time when everyone was treated equally; there is much evidence to the contrary. It is possible that you meant to ask "When did we first aspire to treat everyone equally?" (in which case the answer is probably between 1776 and 1793, possibly influenced by earlier Swiss efforts). But the question as stated is more political than historical. – Mark C. Wallace May 17 '16 at 8:01
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    You might want to look into the history of "human rights" as an idea. There's no one point at which everyone woke up and said "Hey guys, let's treat everyone equally!"; there was rather a gradual expansion of the idea over the centuries/millenia. – Michael Seifert May 17 '16 at 15:45
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    Also you need to be specific about what you mean as equal, and all people. Equal rights at trial in the US is very old, were as equal right to vote based on gender and race are more recent. There is still massive discrimination based on age (if you are under 18 you can't vote in the US, or sign legal documents) and there seems to be very little push to fix this inequality. Also most employers discriminate heavily based on applicants ability to do their job, (its hard to get hired as a musician if you lack any musical talent) this also is technically not treating people equally. – sdrawkcabdear May 17 '16 at 18:56
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    To some extent I think a measure of equality is inherent in social animals. We are equals as our pack of species, as opposed to other packs or species. Of course, there is a certain measure of inequality inherent as well since social organization usually involves some sort of hierarchy. But working together as a pack requires some understanding or instinct that each member of the pack can do the same/similar things. – called2voyage May 19 '16 at 14:53

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