Could anyone guess what language is used in the sign made on this dagger hilt, supposedly of Persian provenance, and dated approx. 1700-1750?

A fellow translator asked if I knew, and naturally I don't know.

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    I'd say stylistically that looks similar to the Arabic script, but given the area that would be expected and doesn't really narrow it down any. – T.E.D. Jun 24 '16 at 14:30
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    @T.E.D. I am an arab , the texture isnt arabic , it is not clear to be arabic words anyway. – moudiz Jun 24 '16 at 18:18
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    it doesnt seems persian , i guess its ottoman ,take a look in the ottoman coins also the dagger seems ottoman too – moudiz Jun 24 '16 at 19:12
  • This is no doubt an ignorant question, but how do you even know it's writing? Looks like it could be decoration to me – Ne Mo Jun 26 '16 at 9:12
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    Most of the letters a clearly arabic, but they aren't combined into meaningful words or even sentences. IMHO, this object is created by someone who wasn't able read and/or write arabic / farsi / urdu / turkish, for an audience that isn't able to, too. Do you assume this to be an authentic object, dating from 1700 - 1750? Is there any evidence of authenticity? – tohuwawohu Jun 26 '16 at 18:33

This is stylistically typical of Qajar period, Persian walrus ivory jambiya hilts. As user @Spencer noted, human figures are rarely depicted in Islamic art other than in paintings. However Qajar artworks were the exception that proved the rule, and exhibited significant European influence. Likewise, such hilts were commonly decorated with Gothic-esque reliefs, and inscribed in either Persian or less comonly Arabic, in the nastaʿlīq or taʿlīq scripts.

The inscriptions are often some relevant, cool sounding phrase. The Metropolitan Museum of Art holds one item where the nastaʿlīq inscription reads, "the handle of your dagger is world-seizing." Harvard Art Museums has one example commissioned by Aga Khan, with a ta'liq inscription that described its relief as the: "likeness of the incomparable Muhammad Shah, a heaven of grandeur, a vessel of beauty".

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(1) Qajar dagger with ivory hilt "carved with panels of Qajar princes, with attendants, between stylised Islamic script" - Philip Carrol Antiques (2) ivory hilt inscribed with "the bending dagger in the hand of the Prince who dominates, is like a crescent (moon) in the hand of the sun".

Other common inscriptions include Koran verses, prayers, or signatures by the artisans. However, it also appears that sometimes the "inscriptions" are actually just stylised scripts meant as decorations. Given that users @tohuwawohu and @moudiz said the inscriptions in the OP's images are not intelligible Arabic, this may well be the case here.

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