Yes, many of them did. Specifically the third of four groups listed below. But that is not what finally won the war.
There were actually four groups of American soldiers. The first group was the smallest, numbering about 10,000, who were both trained and experienced. These men had marched and fought with George Washington in the first two years of the war, camped with him at Valley Forge in the winter of 1777-78, and were trained in marching and bayonet fighting there by (mostly) European officers such as (US-commissioned) General Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben from Prussia. Naturally good at loading and shooting, these men were better than any in the British army.
The second group of men were subsequent regular recruits, who were trained but not experienced. They were put through similar training, but did not have the prior experience of the first group.
The third, and perhaps largest group, were men that were not formally trained by the regular army like the first two groups, but had military experience, usually fighting Native Americans. An example were the so-called "Overmountain Men", drawn from the mountainous areas at the borders of the modern Virginia/Kentucky, North Carolina/Tennessee, who fought the Cherokees. Such men formed irregular units that won notable battles at Kings Mountain and elsewhere in the South using guerrilla tactics. Some such units fought in northern battles such as the siege of Boston and Saratoga under officers such as Dan Morgan who taught them to target officers, "aim for the epaulette boys".
And the fourth group of men were raw militia, who did not have either the training or the experience of the first three groups. Such men were almost useless, although they did "pad the rolls" on the American side at a number of battles, notably Camden, South Carolina.
It is worth noting that men that got most of their experience by "learning" guerrilla tactics from Indians (through opposing them) were not as good as trained "regular" troops, except in special circumstances (like fighting from cover). Even so, they were decidedly better than militia with no experience, and thereby formed a pool of men that gave the British unexpected difficulties. It was not that their "flexible" guerrilla tactics usually led to victory. Instead they lost battles at a lower-than-expected rate until help arrived from Europe beginning in late 1777, or early 1778. Put another way, such men "beat the spread."
It is important to note that the American Revolution was finally won at e.g. Yorktown by trained troops, both "native" recruits in the first two groups, and the ones we received from France.