The Boxer Protocol was the settlement made in 1901 after the Boxer Rebellion in China. The victors, consisting of eight major Western powers, got large indemnities from the Chinese government, as well as other concessions.

According to the Wikipedia article on the protocol, however, Norway got 0.025% (or maybe 0.0025%, the article is unclear) of the indemnity. The article does not say why, or whether the debt was waived by Norway later. So my questions are:

  • Why was Norway included in the settlement?

  • Was the money eventually paid in full? If not, why not?

Note: Norway shared a King and foreign policy with Sweden until 1905. It had independence in most domestic affairs, but this looks a lot like foreign affairs and hence it might be that the Norwegian part followed from some Swedish involvement. My question still stands, though.

1 Answer 1


Most likely the indemnity was meant to compensate the various nations for the loss of lives of their citizens and property, pro-rated roughly to the amount of each country lost.

I can't find exact records of deaths, but there were Norwegian citizens in China during the rebellion. The China Inland Mission was proselytizing in rural China at the time, and many of their missionaries were hunted down and killed. At least one member was Norwegian, although she escaped. There were likely more who weren't so fortunate. There were also quite a few Swedes in China doing the same kind of work. The same source says 41 of them were killed, along with 15 children.

The besieged foriegn quarter of Peking also contained Norwegians.

  • Thanks! I agree deaths of missionaries is a likely explanation. Still, if anyone have more specific answers (and also answers to the second point), I'd be grateful for that as well :-)
    – Jørgen
    Sep 24, 2012 at 8:06

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