Both in the Baḥrī period and the Burjī period. I've been trying to find an answer for about 30 minutes and I've found nothing, so if you know, a source would be good too.

  • Just whip out your trusty "book of slaves" and they'll be Chapter 1 I would think. And the answer to your question is "huge." Most famously they defeated the Mongols in the Middle East. – Doctor Zhivago Sep 17 '16 at 0:40

According to Wikipedia the Mamluk Sultanate ruled part or all of the territory of the following countries:

> Today part of


State of Palestine Palestine
 Saudi Arabia

Thus the maximum area of the Mamluk sultanate must be smaller than the total area of those countries.

Egypt: 1,010,407.87 square kilos

Syria: 185,180 square kilos

Israel: 20,770 square kilos

Jordon: 89,341 square kilos

Lebanon: 10,452 square kilos

Palestine: 6,220 square kilos

total area: 1,322,370.87.

The Mamluk Sultanate probably ruled most of the area of those countries.

Then there are four large countries that the Mamluk Sultanate probably ruled relatively small parts of:

Libya: 1,759,541 Square kilometers

Turkey: 783,356 Square kilometers

Sudan: 1,861,484 Square kilometers

Saudi Arabia: 2,149,690 Square kilometers

total: 6,554,071 square kilometers. But the Mamluk Sultanate ruled relatively small parts of those countries.

Thus the Mamluk Sultanate probably ruled somewhere between about 1,322,370.87 square Kilometers and about 7,886,441.87 square kilometers.

  • 2
    Repeated use of the phrase "probably ruled" would appear to show a lack of conviction in your sources. Also, in the final sentence, the maximum size is almost 6 times that of the minimum, which doesn't seem particularly authoritative. – Steve Bird Sep 17 '16 at 20:35
  • Sad but true comment. Egypt did crush the Ottomans in the 1800's though. Ironically this swung the door wide open to Great Britain to start poking around the entirety of the Middle East thus completely bypassing Africa...an event (with Austrian help) that truly had momentous implications. – Doctor Zhivago Sep 17 '16 at 22:18
  • The main problem here is that many of these modern countries (Egypt, Saudi Arabia and others) consist largely of uninhabited desert. It is very dubious whether the Mamluks ever controlled the empty regions of these countries. – fdb Sep 18 '16 at 10:25
  • Thanks for the detailed answer, but it's not precise enough for my purposes. I guess there just isn't a well-accepted answer. – RothX Sep 19 '16 at 20:14

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