I have a specific question that I'm highly interested in. Did Russia have any steel industry during its Civil War (1917 - 1922)? And if so, how big was it?

I know Russia built the trans-siberian railway right before that time, which required steel rails, but I'm not sure if that steel was imported or made domestically.

(I tagged Russia and USSR because it's a transitionary period between them.)

Edit: Steel industry is any facility that mixes molten iron with carbon (and optionally other alloys like magnesium). It does not necessarily have to be a mill.

Edit: Ideally, I'm looking for a number. How many tons of steel were produced in Russia at this time?

  • 2
    Wikipedia says "By 1914 Russian steel production equaled that of France and Austria–Hungary," World War and Civil War, especially in Ukraine, probably did not help, but it would still have been major a few years later
    – Henry
    Oct 12, 2016 at 17:38

1 Answer 1


Yes. Russia was one of the top metallurgy powers, since Peter the Great who built a lot of industries at Urals. One can argue that Russia was good only in agriculture and metallurgy at the time.

  • 1
    Sources would improve this answer.
    – MCW
    Oct 13, 2016 at 11:05
  • 1
    Even if this answer is true, "top metallurgy powers" does not necessarily mean steel. At minimum, it means Russia had a lot of metal mines---iron or copper or some other metals. But those are just raw metals. Industrial steel requires a major forge. So sources are needed, ideally quoting how many tons of steel were produced in Russia in a certain year.
    – DrZ214
    Oct 13, 2016 at 12:19

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