According to Wikipedia the Eighth celebrated United States' victory in battle of New Orleans over Great Britain in War of 1812. It was once larger celebration than Christmas. It was a federal holiday from 1828 to 1861.

What happened in 1861 caused it to lose its status as a United States federal holiday?

Obviously, American Civil War begun in 1861 but what does it have to do with this holiday becoming forgotten?


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    Hi Jordan welcome to History SE. It would be helpful if you could link to sources for your assertions. – AllInOne Nov 2 '16 at 20:49

An important thing to realize here is that this was effectively a holiday to celebrate Andrew Jackson, the commander of the US forces at the Battle of New Orleans. Andrew Jackson is also remembered by history as effectively the co-founder of the Democratic Party. So this was essentially a politically partisan holiday.

The Civil war effectively marked the eclipse of the Democratic Party in the United States for a while. Their base in the new Party System was now in the southern slave-holding states, and those states were no longer participating in the government. There were still some Northern Democrats, but they were split and weak. The Democratic party did not manage to acquire control of either house of Congress again for 15 years.

So it makes sense that the Republican party would use this as an opportunity to get rid of what was effectively a Democratic federal holiday.

  • If the designations "Republican" and "Democrat" have described dissimilar political ideals at different times in history, would you please briefly timeline, and clarify 'which' "era" of the party in question is the subject?, eg., if discussing baseball history, "Baltimore Orioles" and "Milwaukee Brewers" as team names, each is ambiguous without the franchise year, eg., "The 1901 Milwaukee Brewers" which became "The 1954-present Baltimore Orioles" vs "The 1901 Baltimore Orioles" which are now "The 1913-present New York Yankees". – ProductionValues Nov 3 '16 at 18:49
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    @ProductionValues - I'm not sure what you are getting at with this comment. The time period given in the question clearly fits in the time of the second party system, and the very beginning of the third. If you'd like to know how the coalitions that make up the currently extant 2 parties have changed over time, that would be a completely separate question (and might be way too broad at that). This would be a good place to start. – T.E.D. Nov 3 '16 at 18:57
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    @ProductionValues - Rereading this, I think I was being a bit obtuse with you. The party systems are not exactly ubiquitous knowledge, and a request to try to squeeze in a word or three about this doesn't really seem unreasonable. Done. – T.E.D. Jun 2 '17 at 14:05

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