By 1824, Spain had lost all of its mainland colonies in America. When the powers of Europe proposed to use the recently created Congress System to help Spain regain control of her lost American colonies, Great Britain balked.
In addition to being sympathetic to the Latin American nations’ desire for independence, Great Britain had developed a thriving trade with them and had no desire to see them return to their status as Spanish colonies.
In her support of continued Latin American independence, Britain was joined by the United States. In 1823, President James Monroe issued a statement which became known as the Monroe Doctrine, warning the European powers that intervention in Latin America would be looked upon by the United States as an unfriendly act.