In 1820 The Russian admiralty sent two pairs of ships to explore the polar regions. The southern ships, Mirny and Vostok, circumnavigated Antarctica, and the northern ships, Otkrytie and Blagonamerennyi, reconnoitered the Arctic.

German scientist Fyodor Shtein (Friedrich Stein) was the naturalist on the Blagonamerennyi. The published accounts of two officers on his ship particularly mention his exploration of California.

As appointed naturalist on a naval expedition, Shtein probably made some report after the ships returned to St. Petersburg. What did he record?

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