I was trying to search for an article on the Web but cannot find from an authentic source.

I want to know when and which language was first formalized and its grammar specified.

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    You might want to clarify what you mean by "formalized" and in what form the grammar is specified, i.e. are you after the first language where the rules of the language were written down (rather than passed on orally)? – Steve Bird Mar 25 '17 at 22:36
  • i would say more written down – Noor Mar 26 '17 at 0:10
  • Related question on Language Learning.SE : languagelearning.stackexchange.com/questions/2361/… – Robert Columbia Mar 26 '17 at 12:12
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    Also seems like it might be more OT on the Linguistics SE site. – T.E.D. Mar 27 '17 at 13:37

The oldest known linguistic description is a Sanskrit grammar by Pāṇini, from maybe 5th century BCE. Wikipedia has a good summary.

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