At things like the battle of Lake Trasimene, Cannae, etc. Hannibal's plans always seemed to involve some degree of offering some form of bait to the Romans, some group of men the Romans were (accurately) expected to chase, or focus on, or whatever.

Thus, given this commonality in Hannibal's plans, I'm curious; would his men have actually known that that was their role? Or were they just doing as their higher ups said; and would this have been similar for the Romans?

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    Are you asking if their role was explained to them or if they realised what their role was without explanation? As Tennyson wrote, the lot of the rank and file soldier throughout history is generally "Ours not to reason why, ours but to do and die." – Steve Bird Apr 11 '17 at 6:34

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