Gender equality in the armed forces is in the news. The UK army has just appointed its first front line fighting woman officer. There is discussion in US government about having women register for the draft. In a future war, if both men and women are allowed to fight, then, if there is compulsory conscription, it is hard to imagine how both men and women would not have to be compelled to fight. In WWI, only men were compelled to fight.
The UK in World War One lost something over 700000 young people (almost all men) killed. This did make a significant dent in the UK population, but the population recovered relatively quickly. I have been struggling to find accurate details for the population history. The National Archives site that supplies older data seems to be broken - I cannot make the filter or search function work in chrome or firefox. The current UK government site is all Flash-based, and I cannot see Flash documents here for security reasons.
- Is detailed UK population data for the period before and after WWI available and accessible online, please?
Had the UK lost, instead of 700k men killed, 350k young men and 350k young women, it seems likely that the way that the population recovered after the war would have been different.
- Has any numerical analysis been made of how gender equality in war would affect population recovery or family structure?
While the answer below from @user2448131 makes an excellent point, it's not clear how to use this information to deduce the effect of gender balance on population recovery. The flu was immediately after the war, so the actual UK population recovery was in the context of the deaths of about 100k women and 800k men (flu and war combined), and it's hard to see how to extrapolate this to a putative 400k women and 400k men. I'd like to know if any study has been done on population recovery in modern times when the number of deaths of men and women are equal. Perhaps looking at population recovery in a nation unaffected by war deaths? Spain? But where can I find detailed population data?