Why has no country conquered or colonized Nepal? Nepal lost the Anglo-Nepalese War with East India Company but was not colonized.

  • Dear down voter please specify the reason for down vote so I can know the flaw in my question. – Explorer Jul 31 '17 at 11:35
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    Possibly because its mountainous location makes it hard to get to, and not worth the bother unless you're really into mountain climbing. – jamesqf Jul 31 '17 at 16:50
  • @jamesqf agree with you, but East India Company defeated them in war then why not they colonized them like they did to India. – Explorer Jul 31 '17 at 17:03
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    Perhaps (as T.E.D. says) there was nothing there that the British particularly wanted. Also, British rule in India was generally a fairly gradual matter. They usually didn't just march in and take over, they would ally with one country against another, take a hand in its administration, and a generation or two later find that they were running the place. (See e.g. Napier's famous one-word apology for having conquered Scind.) – jamesqf Aug 1 '17 at 17:00
  • i would say Geography. Fighting in high mountains is not easy, for people not used to the terrain, the altitude, and the climate. – sofa general Nov 29 '18 at 15:18

There were some times Nepal was partially conquered.

Most were during the early medieval period. Documentation during this period can be problematic, but there are records of the Muraya Empire claiming the southern part of the country in the 3rd Century BCE, the Chalukya's managing to get Hindus installed as kings in the 6th CE, and the Tibetian Empire ruling large parts of the area in the late 8th.

In general, if a country is not invaded, it means that there are no resources worth having that are deemed worth the trouble it would be to take over. The particular war you mentioned with the British is a good example of the principle.

The BEI had started to lose money on their Indian empire once the price for its cotton exports dropped. Nepal's (at the time) western provinces were thought to produce some of the world's highest-quality wool, so the British invaded to take them. They largely succeeded, which is why those provinces to this day are part of India rather than Nepal (to be fair, the Nepalese had only controlled those provinces for about a generation).

They didn't bother taking the rest of Nepal because the western provinces were already very expensive to take, and they had no use for the rest of Nepal.

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