The Archbishop of Canterbury decreed in 1590 that clergy should provide men and armour for the defence of the realm against the King of Spain. Clergy in the diocese of Lincoln had a "Subsidy of Armour" recorded by the diocese then later published by the Lincoln Record Society.

A note in that record says

The items enumerated are lances, light horses, petronels (ie large pistols used especially by horsemen), muskets, corslets, calivers (ie light muskets or harquebuses), bows, bills and halberds

However, quite a few of the clergy provided "A Qua:" (the colon indicating abbreviation) and that doesn't match anything in the note. A "Quarrel" seems a rather tiny donation compared to a light horse, so seems unlikely.

  • What was a "Qua:" in this list?

Update One page in that list spells a Qua-word in full:

enter image description here

  • Was "Qua" an abbreviation for "Qualiuer", and is that an alternative spelling of "caliver"?

2 Answers 2


Look at your same document , pg viii(pdf page 18), which defines the abbreviations used. Qua is listed as

the equipment of a man armed with a caliver or harquebus. enter image description here

  • 2
    I hunted all through that book for that abbreviation before posting here :-( Well done and thank you!
    – emrys57
    Aug 2, 2017 at 14:08
  • No problem. Thanks for bringing up an interesting document.
    – justCal
    Aug 2, 2017 at 14:11
  • Well spotted. Looks like you beat me to the punch. :) Aug 2, 2017 at 14:43
  • @sempaiscuba Yep, snuck one in. Do you suppose many of these old texts have been indexed for genealogical research? I see a lot of surnames here.
    – justCal
    Aug 2, 2017 at 15:16
  • @user2448131 I'd say it's a work in progress. A lot have been indexed in the last 5 years or so, but even that has only scratched the surface of what is actually out there. A couple of years back I was told that one of the midlands county archives (possibly Wolverhampton?) had completed surname indexes for almost 15% of their collection, and that was one of the best indexed collections in the UK. And then there are all the collections in private hands ... Aug 2, 2017 at 15:43

It is probably the abbreviation for a "caliver" - a type of arquebus


I just found an online copy of the Subsidy of Armour, published by the Lincoln Record Society. In it, the items enumerated are listed in a footnote. A "Que". is indeed a caliver in this context.

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