I was watching Wonder Woman and noticed that it had been shifted from her typical origin story of being found by a WW2 fighter pilot to being found by a WW1 spy. Chris Pine called WW1 the war to end all wars.
Through our lens, in which WW1 certainly did not end all wars (And probably sparked a few), it seems silly to name any war that doesn't end in human annihilation the war to end all wars. Someone's gonna get pissy about something, and bam, we have a war.
That said, Industrial war was a new concept back then, and the turn of the 20th century was fairly optimistic in general (See: Worlds fair). Did people actually believe that the outcome of WW1 would actually be the end of war?