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The below photo of a soldier was taken in Sicily in the mid to late 1930’s. I have been told he may have served in Libya for the Italians.

Italian soldier, Sicily, 1930's

What type of soldier was he and what rank did he have? What job would he have done?

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    Two thick bars has, in Western European armies, been the insignia of a (army) Captain for a couple of hundred years. Don't confuse this with the (more senior) rank of Naval Captain, which is equivalent to an Army Colonel. – Pieter Geerkens Oct 2 '17 at 11:31
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    Interesting, the collar badge is similar to current infantry badges of the Italian Army - two thick stripes with a thin strips in the middle and a star. So it seems to be a unit designation rather than a rank – user13123 Oct 2 '17 at 13:33
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The collar badge specifically appears to be that of the Italian 17th Infantry "Acqui" Motorized Brigade.

An infantry unit named Acqui operated from 1831 to 1871, again from 1881 to 1926, from 1939 until its massacre by the Germans in 1943, and from 1948 until the present. Most recently, since a reorganization as of October 1, 1976, it has been a motorized brigade.

Through the transformation of warfare and armies the Italians have retained the custom of "naming" the units which are, structurally, the largest homogenous size. This has varied over "Acqui"'s assorted revivals between regiment, battalion, division, to the current brigade structure that matches current NATO unit philosophy.

At a glance, the uniform "feels" more 1940's style to me than either "First World War" style or "post World War Two" style, but I am no expert.

Acknowledgement: @HorusKol for pointing out that the collar patch was a unit designation rather than of rank.

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