Wikipedia has an example Bill of Mortality from 1665, listing the causes of death for the London area. Many of the terms in it are unfamiliar, though, eg. "Kings Evill", "Rupture", "Livergrown". In modern terms, what are these people recorded as dying of?
- King's evil was an archaic term for scrofula, or Tuberculous cervical lymphadenitis
- Rupture was usually a hernia, but could also be a burst blood vessel.
- Livergrowne was just an enlarged liver.
There is a really handy website for understanding Archaic Medical Terms, Diseases and Causes of Death. I often recommend it to genealogists who are confused by these terms on old records.
Also, an interesting paper on causes of death in Bills of Mortality is John Graunt on Causes of Death in the City of London