You'd want Marxist historiography. There is no teleology to Marxist historiography, as in that within the discipline of history.
One of the issues with approaches to history which are historically materialist, ie which centre relations of production labour and social property, is that whether labourite anarchist or progressive the historiographies converge on Marxist historiography because the application of the theoretical tools to the documentary record of the past produces identical historiographies regardless of the authors opinion on 19th century beards.
You may be thinking of Soviet style diamat history, which is broadly discredited on the theoretical level due to teleos. Or perhaps structuralist attempts to account for the past, the main criticism being supplied by EP Thompsons debate on Althusser. Thompson being of course a Marxist historian.
Annales were also class conscious.