Throughout history, states (countries) have broken away from other states to become independent, usually against the will of the parent state. But has there ever been a case of a parent state forcibly expelling part of its own territory against the will of the people who live there?

To be clear, I'm not asking about territory given away to resolve territorial disputes, territory sold, or states created from crumbling empires. I'm specifically looking for examples of a state basically saying to part of its territory, "We don't like you. You're on your own."

I suspect the answer is no, because most states would probably expel the people and keep the territory...

  • I would guess that some former British colonies might qualify, especially Hong Kong. And of course you have the problem that "the people" are seldom unanimous. As for instance Puerto Rico's relation to the US: last I looked, it was about 1/3 for independence, 1/3 for statehood, 1/3 to keep the status quo. – jamesqf Dec 8 '17 at 4:49
  • Will you accept an answer describing a state that rejected unpopulated territory? – Aaron Brick Dec 8 '17 at 5:09
  • The various north and south countries come to mind. North Korea vs South Korea, North Jemen vs South Jemen, north Vietnam vs South Vietnam, etc. – Jos Dec 8 '17 at 6:08
  • Central Asian countries such as Kazakhstan, Kirgystan, etc... wanted to continue to be in Soviet Union, but were kicked out by Russia. – Bregalad Dec 8 '17 at 7:11
  • Good question but (as andejons noted) someone already asked it I think. – Lars Bosteen Dec 8 '17 at 7:24

Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.