Regarding place and date: The picture was taken in Blaubeuren, Germany. In the background, a part of the Blaubeuren Abbey is visible (its western portal):
Source: Wikipedia Commons, Schilling Thomas (Own Work) [CC BY-SA 4.0] (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)
The place is about 100 meters south of the „Blautopf“, a famous little pond in Blaubeuren; today, the street is named „Blautopfstraße“. Guessing by the shadows cast, the photo was taken around noon.
Maybe, the photo depicts Hitler's visit in Blaubeuren where he had lunch on September 5th 1933 (according to Sandner's „Itinerar“), on occasion of his stay in Ulm where he attended a maneuver of the 5. Reichswehrregiment on September 5th and 6th, 1933 (this may explain the presence of high-ranking military people at that place and time). There are archival sources about a meeting between Hitler and some high-ranking Reichswehr officers at Ulm: Werner von Blomberg, General Kurt von Hammerstein, Generalleutnant Curt Liebmann and General Hans Freiherr Seutter von Lötzen. Guessing by a slightly better (but cropped) version of that photo (that was also available as picture postcard: see here and here), the person at Hitler's left may be Werner von Blomberg (wearing his "Pour le Mérite"?), at that time Minister of Defense. The person at the very right of the photo may be Heinrich Himmler (???). Regarding Goebbels: It seems that he didn't accompany Hitler to Ulm but returned to Berlin after attending the Nuremberg Rally from August 30 to September 3, 1933.