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In 1609, the kingdom of Ryukyu which covers what is today known as Okinawa, was invaded by the Japanese Satsuma clan.

How did this affect the everyday life of commoners (Everybody not noble or a priest, for the purpose of this question)?

From the Wikipedia article about the invasion cited above, we learn:

14 samurai officials from Satsuma, along with 163 of their staff, examined the kingdom's political structures and economic productivity, and conducted land surveys of all the islands. [...]
Though the king [of Ryukyu] retained considerable powers, he was only permitted to operate within a framework of strict guidelines set down by Satsuma, and was required to pay considerable amounts in tribute to Satsuma on a regular basis.

Together with the fact that lack of tributes to the shogunate was at least a pretext for the invasion, this would indicate that the tax burden would be higher under the Satsuma. Was this so? What other major changes for everyday life came with the invasion?

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    This is an especially complex question given the very recent publication of "Maritime Ryukyu, 1050-1650" by Gregory Smits. His recent paper, April 2019, "Rethinking Early Ryukyuan History" is available from The Asia Pacific Journal - Japan Focus. – J Asia May 12 at 14:52

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