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It's relatively easy to find estimates for the number of people killed the Catholic Inquisition; one just needs to check the Wikipedia page, regardless of the doubts on the true numbers.

However, there are several historical references of Protestant Inquisition style tribunals, e.g. in Scotland. Furthermore, there are also historical references showing that even among different Protestant currents, Protestants were killed.

I'm looking for estimates of how many Christians (Protestants, Catholics, Orthodox, etc ) were killed in newly Protestant countries.

Any help would be appreciated.

  • 2
    I wonder if the Salem Witch Trials count.... – Spencer Feb 27 '18 at 0:26
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    @Spencer: Witch trials were a thing through much of Europe at about that time. – Pieter Geerkens Feb 27 '18 at 5:05
  • @Pieter Nevertheless, I wonder if OP wishes to include the ones conducted by Protestant authorities. – Spencer Feb 27 '18 at 14:07
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I suspect that the phrase “Protestant inquisition style tribunals” has created a difficulty because there are no such references to be found on Wikipedia. Yes, there is lots of information on the Scottish and English Protestant Reformations, but nothing about any sort of “inquisition” against Catholics. Yes, King Henry VIII started off a terrible purge against Catholic abbeys, stripping them of all their wealth so he could swell his own coffers. And right here, where I live, is physical evidence of four abbeys that he destroyed. But “inquisitions” where individuals were tortured in order to force a conversion?

Some unfortunates ended up in the Tower of London on trumped up political charges but I don’t think the Protestant reformers went around from country to country trying to force conversions. However, civil war did result, mainly because of the efforts of King Charles 1 to introduce reforms designed to return to papal practice. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Christianity_in_Scotland

This resulted in the Bishop’s Wars from 1639-1640:

After the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660, Scotland regained its kirk, but also the bishops. Particularly in the south-west many of the people here began to attend illegal field conventicles. Suppression of these assemblies in the 1680s known as "the Killing Time". After the "Glorious Revolution" in 1688 Presbyterianism was restored.

There were approximately 500 casualties and losses out of a total of 35,000 soldiers. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bishops%27_Wars

Of greater significance was the War of the Three Kingdoms (which was a civil war) between 1639 and 1651 under King Charles 1.

These wars included the Bishops' Wars of 1639 and 1640; the Irish Rebellion of 1641; Confederate Ireland, 1642–1649; the Scottish Civil War of 1644–1645; and the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland in 1649 (collectively the Eleven Years War or Irish Confederate Wars); and the First, Second and Third English Civil Wars of 1642–1646, 1648–1649 and 1650–1651.

Army casualties and losses came to a total of approximately 50,000 English and Welsh and 34,000 others. Also there were 127,000 noncombat English and Welsh deaths (including some 40,000 civilians) Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wars_of_the_Three_Kingdoms

Although religious issues were significant, the resulting civil war did not come under the category of “Protestant Inquisition style tribunals”. I hope that may be of some (belated) help.

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    Under Elizabeth I performing Mass was made criminal offense en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penal_law_(British) In 1584 even being in England was made high treason for a priest. A number for clergymen, and also laypersons harbouring them were tortured and executed. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Clitherow So this was a state-run persecution, motivated in part by political reasons, but still shared some elements with inquisition practices. – b.Lorenz Dec 18 '18 at 21:25
  • Is it not true that "trying to convert" was not needed, as those people were supposed to be simply killed if found? – user8690 Dec 19 '18 at 10:04
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    Persecution (of Protestants) under Queen Mary then persecution of Catholics under Queen Elizabeth 1 happened. But I don't believe thousands of people were imprisoned, tortured and put to the flames as happened in the three different Catholic inquisitions in Europe. Most bloodshed came later because of King Charles 1 when civil war broke out, but this was not a Catholic-style inquisition. I live in Scotland and am aware of the terrible history of that time. What Catholics and Protestants did to each other was shameful and dishonoured God. Thousands (Catholic and Protestant) died in the wars. – Lesley Dec 19 '18 at 10:11

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