I was watching the film ‘The Assembly’ and the opening scene involved a battle where Chinese Nationalist troops had surrounded a group of Chinese Communists and were about to overrun them. Before the assault, the Chinese Nationalist commander offered the surrounded Communist troops a chance to surrender. They refused and successfully fought off the assault.
This scene made me wonder about what happened to Chinese Communist troops after the civil war who chose to surrender to the Nationalists during the conflict. Did the majority flee China with the Nationalists? Did the Nationalists use Chinese Communist POWs as part of prisoner exchange deals with the mainland Communist regime? Did Chinese Communist POWs simply shift back into main land Chinese society quietly, with the Communist government choosing to look the other way, so long as they kept a low profile? Or did the Chinese Communist regime treat POWs of the Nationalists very harshly, regardless of the circumstances of their capture, and subject them to some kind of “re-education” process? Finally, were Chinese Communist POWs of the Japanese treated differently altogether?