Nazi-Germany ran a bombing raid over India, in WW2. Which city was bombed, and what effect did it have? i.e how many casualties were inflicted, was transport closed down, or was there other damage to infrastructure?

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    Welcome to History.Stack-Exhcange. I've made several edits and changed the question slightly so that it fits the QA a bit better. – Russell Oct 26 '12 at 7:41
  • @T.E.D . Yo you are right man. Chennai(Madaras) city was attacked by german warship named "EMDEN". Chempakaraman was the person involved in this attack. Some of the unexploded bombs thrown from this ship are still in available in Government museum chennai. – Veera Raj Nov 17 '12 at 13:13

Madras* was bombarded by a German warship during World War I. That's the only instance I could find in either war of an Indian city coming under that kind of fire from German regular armed forces.

Germany had no aircraft carriers, and their only real long-range bomber in WWII, the Heinkel HE 177, appears to have only been used in the Eastern and Western fronts in Europe. I don't believe Germany ever held any territory that would have been within the HE-177's 5,000 KM operational range from India. (The Eastern Ukraine is a wee bit further than that from New Dehli).

* - Now Chennai

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    Actually, Germany sent a few planes to Irak to support an anti-English coup, so they were way closer than Ukraine. That said, I found no report of those being used to strike outside Irak, and they did stay in Irak only for a small period before being overrun by the British. – SJuan76 May 5 '15 at 7:22
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    @SJuan76 - As near as I can tell, the bombers sent there were HE-111s, which had a range in the general vicinity of 2,000 KM. About 3,000 KM would be needed from there. The 177 I mentioned above was not produced until about a year after the end of the insurrection. – T.E.D. May 5 '15 at 8:53
  • Why did Germany attack Madras? Was it just because India was a British colony? – David Blomstrom Aug 25 '17 at 15:15
  • @DavidBlomstrom - Pretty much. The captain's rationale is reported in (a translation of) his own words if you click the link at the top of the answer. – T.E.D. Aug 25 '17 at 15:41

Agree with TED that German warships did not attack any Indian city. But a thing of interest is that of Japanese warships: Kakinada and Vishakapatnam were two cities that were attacked by the Japanese in 1942. It was believed that Madras would be under attack soon, but it wasn't eventually.

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    Quite. If the question was about Japan, then the answer gets very different indeed. Particularly if you take "India" to mean the British territory (including Bengal and Burma), rather than the boundries of the modern country. – T.E.D. Nov 2 '12 at 14:10
  • The final Japanese offensive to Imphal and Kohima took place in the borders of India and Burma, on the Indian side. – Oldcat Feb 14 '14 at 23:11
  • Japan actually airstriked those cities on 5 April 1942 followed by Colombo..... – user12276 May 5 '15 at 4:04

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