There already is a similar question, but it has been closed as unclear. I will attempt to post a clear question instead.

  • Time : 15th century
  • Country: medieval Europe excluding Eastern Roman Empire, feel free to choose a country you can get data on.
  • Setting: Urban, Peacetime

Background: in the 15th century, as argued in this video, the brigandine armour accompanied by helmet, mail and gambeson was already available to common soldiers or retinues. I am curious about the urban population and want to know what armour they possessed. To ask about chainmail might be a problem, because there are so many different pieces and we might get caught up in distinctions between hauberks and haubergeons. On the other hand, the helmet is perhaps the most indispensable piece of armour. To make it as definite as possible, I will ask:

What percentage of the urban 15th century population in Europe (see above about countries) owned any kind of helmet?

  • 5
    I would say almost none, as armor was expensive and completely useless for the civilian population. Why would a civilian wear or want to wear a helmet?
    – Jos
    Commented Mar 30, 2018 at 0:13
  • @Jos if no need arose to defend themselves against pointy things, you are obviously right. For nobles we know that they duelled. Also wars were not uncommon. If I would expect to fight within the next 30 years, I would certainly get myself a helmet.
    – Ludi
    Commented Mar 30, 2018 at 10:03
  • 1
    An interesting question. It's often said, if one had any piece of armour, it would be a helmet. But I can't imagine someone owning a helmet just in case he might go to war at some point. Also you likely need to define helmet a bit clearer. Do you mean a steel helmet? A mail coif? A simple padded coif? Getting something protective to wear on the head such as a padded coif wouldn't be hard to procure, when you are called to war.
    – Dulkan
    Commented Apr 27, 2018 at 14:29
  • @Dulkan good point! I mean a solid helmet
    – Ludi
    Commented Apr 27, 2018 at 15:58
  • 4
    you have to realize that very few people owned bicycles in the middle ages so there was very little demand for helmets. Commented Aug 14, 2018 at 15:22


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