2

I’m researching for a possible story on the Congo in the 1880s. I’m having a hard time establishing the route and time spent going from a port in England to Boma in the former unclaimed Congo territory (later Congo free state/Belgian Congo).

So far I’ve found this excellent thread How long would it take to travel from England to western Africa in the late 1890's? and the image I’ve attached. However I’m at a loss when it comes to the specific route to Boma or equivalent. Travel time around 1900 from UK

Any databases or documents I could examine? Any help is greatly appreciated! Thanks

8

I've not found an English travel journal yet, but Captain Trivier took about seven weeks from France in 1887.

https://books.google.com/books?id=kN4_AAAAYAAJ&pg=PA6#v=onepage&q&f=false

This is an account of Captain Trivier's trip to Congo in the late 1880s.

He left France on August 20, 1888 (port not given) in the steamer Nerthe, and arrived in Dakar, Senegal in the evening of August 29, after a voyage stopping at three ports in Spain (Coruña, Ferrol, Vigo) and one in Portugal (Lisbon).

He then left Dakar on September 4 in the steamer Cameroon, and arrived in Libreville, Gabon on September 29, after stops in Sierra Leone (port not mentioned), Liberia (Monrovia, Grand Sester, Cap des Palmes), Ghana (Accra), Nigeria (Bonny, Calabar) and Equatorial Guinea (Malabo).

I can't tell if he took a third steamer or if the Cameroon continued, but he left Libreville on October 29 and arrived in Loango, Republic of Congo on November 9, after three stops in Gabon (Cape Lopez, Setté Cama, Mayumba).

https://books.google.com/books?id=a6BEAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA112

This is a letter written 1887 and published in The Journal of the Manchester Geographical Society. It implies that Banana was the main port for steamers coming from Europe and West Africa, and gives you the route from Banana to Boma by local steamer in 1887; about a seven- to nine-hour trip.

To find more Victorian travel journals like this, I recommend you search in google books, limiting the time period to the 19th century (or a narrower time) with the keyword "journey" (plus Boma, M'Boma or Embomma, or even steamer) - a very common word in the title of travel diaries. Example search: https://www.google.com/search?q=journey+boma&tbm=bks&source=lnt&tbs=cdr:1,cd_min:1800,cd_max:1899 In French, the keywords would be "voyage" (=journey) and "vapeur" (=steamer): https://www.google.com/search?q=voyage+boma&tbm=bks&source=lnt&tbs=cdr:1,cd_min:1800,cd_max:1899

  • Thanks. That is very useful. I reckon the travel time and ports used would vary a bit depending on the country of origin but overall the info you provided is indispensable. Thank you – Jones Apr 4 '18 at 12:55

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.