There's a map I've seen that shows four separate provinces for the Alpes, including Alpes Poeninae and Alpes Graiae. However, everywhere else I've looked, I haven't been able to find any information that corroborates the map. Everything else has seemed to imply that they were the same province.

My question is: was there ever a point where they were separate provinces like the map shows? What were the years of their existence? Or is the map incorrect and were they always the same province?

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    I haven't found any authoritative evidence one way or the other. Livius.org lists them separately. Other sources list "Alpes Graiae et Poeniniae". The "Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World" shows "Alpes Graiae" but not "Alpes Poeninae". – njuffa Jul 7 '18 at 19:58
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    It's possible that the combined province formally annexed by Augustus in 14 AD subsequently became two distinct provinces. Also, as provinces and their boundaries were in frequent flux, this question really needs a date of interest in order to be answerable. – Pieter Geerkens Jul 7 '18 at 22:04
  • The map's legend says it depicts the situation as of AD 210, so I would assume the asker is interested in that particular time frame. In the ideal case the asker would clarify this question to state the relevant time frame explicitly. – njuffa Jul 8 '18 at 1:33
  • njuffa - while I would be interested in knowing if the map of 210 CE is correct, I'd be more interested in knowing what were the dates of the existence of the two provinces, so if one split from the other, what date did that occur, and which one came first. However, if an answer could show there ever (or never) was a point in the history of the Roman Empire where the two provinces were distinct, that would suffice as an answer. – Curious Jul 8 '18 at 3:34

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