I'm a bit confused about what Lincoln's proclamation did exactly. It's thought by some the Emancipation Proclamation gave all slaves the status of free. However from reading the introduction of the Wikipedia article this belief seems wrong.
The Proclamation did not compensate the owners, did not outlaw slavery, and did not grant citizenship to the ex-slaves. (bolding is mine).
I know the Thirteenth Amendment did unequivocally outlaw slavery, but I would like to clarify some things about the Emancipation Proclamation.
It changed the federal legal status of more than 3.5 million enslaved African Americans in the designated areas of the South from slave to free. As soon as a slave escaped the control of the Confederate government, by running away or through advances of federal troops, the former slave became free.
So if a slave in a slave state could escape a Confederate slave state into territory controlled by the Union army, they were made free. This I understand.
it did not apply to those in the four slave states that were not in rebellion
It did not apply to states which practised slavery but were not in rebellion, such as Kentucky, Maryland and Delaware. This I understand.
However what I don't get easily is the following:
The Proclamation ordered the freedom of all slaves in ten states. Because it was issued under the president's authority to suppress rebellion (war powers), it necessarily excluded areas not in rebellion, but still applied to more than 3.5 million of the 4 million slaves.
The proclamation changed the status of slaves in the Confederate states in rebellion against the Union. What I don't understand is say for example you were a slave in a rebelling state not controlled by the Union army, were you made free by this proclamation? Say you had not managed to escape your master and leave the state, did this proclamation legally give you the status of free, even though your master forced you to continue to be a slave?
Also there seems to be a contradiction, or at least a redundancy, because first it says if a slave was able to escape Confederate controlled territory past the advances of the Union army they were made free. Then it says that the proclamation instantly gave the legal status of free to a slave in a rebelling Confederate state.
Source of quotes: Emancipation proclamation