1

I was wondering if there are any primary sources on the letter that the Mongol Khan Hulagu wrote to the Mamluk Sultan Qutuz (from Wikipedia: "Hulagu intended to continue southward through Palestine towards Cairo to fight the Mamluks. He sent a threatening letter to the Mamluk Sultan Qutuz in Cairo. He demanded that Qutuz open Cairo or it would be destroyed like Baghdad.") Everywhere I looked they didn't give a concrete source, is there maybe the letter preserved or maybe a transcript written during that time? Thanks.

  • 2
    Welcome to History:SE. What has your research shown you so far? Where have you already searched? What did you find? Please help us to help you. You might find it helpful to review the site tour and Help Centre and, in particular, How to Ask. – sempaiscuba Sep 11 '18 at 17:26
  • Please cite all nouns. Who is Hulagu? Who is Qutuz? When? Please give us more information to start research. – Mark C. Wallace Sep 11 '18 at 21:33
3

https://www.quora.com/Where-can-I-find-the-translated-letter-that-Hulagu-Khan-wrote-to-the-caliph-of-Baghdad

I believe that this is John Woods' translation of Rashid al-Din Fazlallah 'Conquest of Bagdad'. (quoted at Conquest of Baghdad (1258) by Rashid al-Din Fazlallah (d. 1318)).

It should be noted that Rashid-al-Din Hamadani was a Jewish Muslim working for the Ilkhanids and also their Grand vizier before he was executed. So it is a moot point as to whether he ever actually saw the original letter, of which no copies exist, made it up entirely, 'improved' the original or a copy, or embroidered tales that he had heard for political impact.

You can read the original here, and it is worth taking just a few minutes as it is a beautiful example of medieval illustrated calligraphy.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.