It is known that Cretan archers were widely used (presumably as mercenaries) across Mediterranean by Greek armies and were occasionally included in Roman armies of Republic and of Imperial period. I do not remember if there is a secure evidence for that so cannot provide reference, but somewhere I have seen the Cretan archers mentioned in Dacian wars of emperor Trajan.

But what is the latest known case of employment of Cretan archers, supported by reliable evidence? Is there any evidence for the use of Cretan archers in Roman Empire in III-V centuries AD?

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    The Wikipedia page on Cretan Archers states that "One of the last occasions on which Cretan archers are known to have played a significant role was as part of the garrison defending Constantinople against the Turkish army of Mehmet II in May 1453". Are you looking for something more than that? – sempaiscuba Dec 24 '18 at 12:30
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    This Quora answer mentions the Cretan War 1645–1669 as being "the last verified and undesputed [sic] reference to Cretan military archers". Unfortunately, it's not sourced. – Lars Bosteen Dec 24 '18 at 12:37
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    I don't know about Cretans, but there are certainly bow-wielding cretins out there. realtree.com/the-realblog-with-stephanie-mallory/… – Clint Eastwood Dec 24 '18 at 18:00
  • Question was edited to be more specific with historical period – Vladimir Kramskoy Dec 24 '18 at 18:12
  • Do you mean Cretan archers fighting for Rome or against Rome, or either? – Lars Bosteen Dec 28 '18 at 11:04

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