In many Byzantine history books, a general statement is made that from the 700 strong delegation to the council of Florence, "many Orthodox bishops revoked their signatures" after the council concluded. However they don't seem to be named. Individuals who are usually named are those who kept their signatures such as Cardinal Bessarion, Dorotheos of Mytilene and Isidore of Kiev. Of course there is the necessary mention of Mark of Ephesus who refused to sign.

I am interested in knowing if we know exactly who revoked their signatures. And what was their reasoning. Did the majority of Orthodox delegates who attend the council revoke their signatures? or was it just a few.

I have so far been able to find a few names including Isaiah of Stavropolis, Sylvester Syropoulos (whose memoirs are a source on the council), George Scholarios.

Other than those, I have been told that there where a few whose reluctance to sign was known including the metropolitans of Heraclea, Trebizond, Anchialos.

All up I've been able to find no more than 10-11 names out of the 699 people who signed the Laetentur Caeli. So my question is, how do we know that "many" if not "most" of them signed? Who where the other guys?

Also as a follow up question, as we know, the pro-unionist delegates who returned to their respective cities were met with furious opposition. As we know, Isidore was thrown in Jail and we know that the patriarchs of Alexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem all anathemised their prelates who signed on their behalf. Does this suggest that pressure from the Catholic side was the main reason these people signed? If it was out of authentic religious conviction I would have thought the patriarchs would have welcomed the union.

  • Concerning your last paragraph, the motivation behind the Council was to form a political and military alliance against the Ottoman Empire. – Lucian Feb 4 '19 at 23:16
  • ...and more to the point, the council was followed within four years by the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople, putting effective end to any reunification of the churches of Rome and Constantinople. – fdb Oct 18 '19 at 13:59
  • Sorry I should have said it @Notoras: Links or info regarding the sources you've looked at would be helpful. – Brian Z Oct 19 '19 at 19:49

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