On the Ezana stone, the Axumite (modern day Ethiopia) king wrote in Ge'ez, Sabaean and Greek to describe his victory over the Kasu (Kushites) and Nuba (Nubians).
He mentions the black and red peoples, he also mentioned the Black and Red Noba
Here are some excerpts:
The Nuba and Kasu
By the might of the Lord of Heaven who in the sky and on earth holds power over all beings, Ezana, son of Ella Amida, Bisi Halen, king of Aksum, Himyar, Raydan, Saba, Salhin, Tsiyamo, Beja and of Kasu, king of kings, son of Ella Amida, never defeated by the enemy.
May the might of the Lord of Heaven, who has made me king, who reigns for all eternity, invincible, cause that no enemy can resist me, that no enemy may follow me!
By the might of the Lord of All I campaigned against the Noba when the Noba peoples revolted and boasted. `They will not dare to cross the Takaze' said the Noba people. When they had oppressed the Mangurto,
Hasa and Barya peoples, and when the blacks fought the red people and they broke their word for the second and third times
and put their neighbours to death without mercy, and pillaged our messengers and the envoys whom I sent to them to admonish them...
I arrived at the Kasu, fought them and took them prisoner at the confluence of the rivers Seda and Takaze (white and blue Nile)
The towns of the Kasu with walls of stone which the Noba had taken were Tabito(?), Fertoti; and the troops penetrated to the territory of the Red Noba and my peoples returned safe after taking prisoners and booty, and killing by the might of the Lord of Heaven. And I erected a throne at the confluence.
Who are the Red Noba, Who are the blacks who are fighting with the Red people?
I ask this question because most hieroglyphs show native Egyptians in reddish-brown skin more often than in black skin.
I want to know if this is a likely answer to the long standing controversy around the original phenotype of those who founded the Nile valley civilization.
What have modern historians said about the Red and Black Noba ethnic groups as described by His Majesty Emperor Ezana?